Saturday, February 23, 2013
I belong to the Clay County Genealogy Group, and thanks to one of my friends in that group I was able to contact a German friend of hers. He is a retired archivist and enjoys researching, even for others. Using church and civil records, he was able to extend our Stoehr and Kaberich lines well beyond my great great grandparents, Christian and Anna Maria (Kaberich) Stoehr. They emigrated to the US in 1856 and I knew only their parents' names from their death certificates. Eberhard confirmed that Christian was a miller and Anna Maria was the daughter of a miller. He even found a living cousin on the Kaberich side. I've written to her, but haven't yet received a reply. Both families seemed to have remained in a small area of Germany which helped.
On the Stoehr side, Christian's father was Andreas, which I knew from Christian's death certificate. What I didn't know was that he had 9 children! Christian had 8 siblings, from oldest to youngest: Heinrich, Anna Martha, Lorenz (died young), Lorenz, Karl, a stillborn child, Elise, and Johann August. Christian was born in 1821, behind Anna Martha. Andreas' father was another Andreas and his father was Michael Stohr, born about 1720 in Bergheim. His son, the first Andreas was also born in Bergheim, but died in Spangenberg, where the family remained.
Not only did Eberhard find the history of the Stoehr family, but , beginning with Andreas' wife Anna Elisabeth HeuBner, he found HeuBners back to Johann Christian HeuBner, born 1675, and his father Valentin HeuBner, who died in 1679! Anna Elisabeth HeuBner's mother was a Schade and he followed this family as well back to Johann Henrich Schade, born 1691 and his father Lorentz Schade. Seeing any familial names in these lines?
On the Kaberich side Anna Maria Stoehr's father was Nicolaus Kaberich. We now have his father's line going back to Dietrich Kebberich, born probably in the late 1600s. His son Johannes apparently had 2 sons named Johann Nicolaus, one born in 1758 (our line) and one born 1766 (the living cousin's line). Our Johann had Nicolaus, born 1785, the father of Anna Maria, Christian's wife.
Interestingly, another researcher on Ancestry.com had posted information on a Vincent Kaberich, which Eberhard was able to confirm as a cousin to Christian who emigrated to the US in 1851. He married into a Liebermann family. Two Lieberman girls married two Bittlingmeyer boys and their father Christopher Bittlingmeyer married Marianna Kaberich, whose father was George. Christopher and Marianna emigrated to the US in 1853. Both they and Vincent seemed to have stayed in NYC. I've asked Eberhard to look into this.
Eberhard sent me pictures of Spangenberg, home of the Stoehr family and Obergeis, beautiful spots!
Saturday, February 16, 2013
|Willis Polhamus Family 1920|
Sunday, March 13, 2011
I think a little history is appropriate for this family line. The German Palatinate (Pfalz) was a part of Germany (in fact two parts, Upper and Lower Palatinate) whose inhabitants suffered from a variety of ills. The Palatines became followers of Martin Luther's beliefs and then came under religious persecution from the Catholics. The area suffered from numerous wars as they were an area prone to plundering from the opposing armies. On top of religious persecution and the ravages of multiple wars, the people were heavily taxed. Then came the winter of 1708-09. It was reportedly the harshest winter seen in 100 years, with one source even reporting “birds freezing in mid-air”1. Many of these people fled the area, going on to England.
In addition to hardships imposed on the Palatines, several people, including William Penn had printed and distributed literature extolling the virtues of the colonies. Queen Anne, married to a Lutheran husband was open to the petitions asking her for relief for the refugees and so about 7000 Palatines were offered assistance in the spring of 1709. They were to be given passage and tools and in return were to reside in established work camps in America to produce naval stores for England. The destinations were primarily Pennsylvania, New York and North Carolina. In New York two camps were established on opposite sides of the Hudson River, West Camp and East Camp.
Johannes Heinrich Krantz, reportedly a tailor, emigrated to New York, probably arriving 14 June 1710 on the ship Fame. This information has been gathered, not from passenger lists- which no longer exist, but from “Hunter's subsistence list”. Subsistence lists were logs that a designated passenger of a ship kept2. Johannes was part of the largest group of Palatine emigrants to arrive within a very short period of time. German records of his family were kept in the church at Unterreichenbach. He was listed as from the village of Fischborn. Johannes father is reportedly Ernst Krantz, a court servant at Unterreichenbach in 16643. The subsistence list reports that he was a widower, his wife having died before 1710. A sad but interesting note is that the emigrants in England were so numerous that many of them lived on the ships, boarding as early as December 1709, but not sailing until April, 1710. Many were in a weakened state by the time they sailed, with a number of them dying before reaching America. Johannes arrived with at least two children, Michael and Elizabetha, although the subsistence list also reports two younger children, Sebastian (4) and Johannes (1). Johannes settled in West Camp and once there, married a second time to Anna Schaurmann on 25 July 17104. Anna, the daughter of Henrich Schaurmann, was probably of the family listed as fellow passengers on the Fame. See Appendix for a copy of the list of heads of families in West Camp in the winter of 1710.
Johannes and Anna eventually had 5 children: Johann Heinrich (1712), Johann (1713), Maria Elizabetha (1715), Johann Wilhelm (1717) and Johann Heinrich (1720). The work camps were halted in 1712 because the products required by England were not suited to production in the area. The settlers then dispersed. Johannes and son Michael were naturalized on 8 and 9 September 1715 and Johannes is listed on the Ulster County tax list in 1718-19 and again in 1720-215. They were apparently still in Ulster County when son Michael married Charlotte Frolich, daughter of Valentin and Apolonia, on 12 Sept 17266. The Frolich family were also Palatine emigrants, arriving on 30 June, 17107.
The family moved once again to Hanover Township (now Montgomery) in Ulster (now Orange) County. A Palatinate settlement had sprung up at Germantown about 1727, south of the village on the Wallkill River, on the Harrison Patent8. Michael and Johannes, sons of the emigrant Johannes and half brothers are listed as 2 of the first members of the newly founded Brick Reformed Church, 1732. In fact the first marriage of the church on 23 October, 1734 was between Johannes Krans and Elizabeth Klaarwater. The same Johannes later married Christina Millspaugh as his second wife in 1742.
Our line is descended from Michael, Johannes' first son. Michael and Charlotte had 6 children that I have found beginning with Johannes, born 1728. His baptism is not found in the Kingston registers, and as the Brick Church was not yet founded he is not listed there either.9 The family may have been members of the Lutheran Church established at Germantown. That church blew down before the Revolutionary War and was not rebuilt.10All of Michael and Charlotte's subsequent children (Michael, bp 1735, Nicholas, bp 1736, Annatje, bp 1740, Geertrug, bp 1742, Lydia, bp 1744) were baptized in the Brick Reformed Church in Montgomery.11 Henry Jones lists three other children: Henrich, no dob; Jacob, bp 11 February, 1733 in Kingston and Valentin, bp 11 June 1739.
Michael's first born son, Johannes married Catherine Alsdorf in 175512 and they proceeded to have 11 children from 1756 to 1779. Catherine was the daughter and 1 of 8 children of Lorentz Alsdorf, also from Germany, first noted in 1733 in Kingston. Lorentz (Lawrance)and his wife are buried in the New Hurley Reformed Church Cemetery in the Town of Plattekill.13 14 Below are the pews of the Brick Reformed Church in 1760 with Johannes' and sons' pew circled. 15 A Jacob Crans also has a pew nearby, possibly the son of Michael's half brother, Johannes or possibly another son of Michael.
No more is heard of Michael, whose death date is not known by me. We will now follow his son Johannes, with the 11 children. Land records show that Johannes, John McHendry and Stephen Chrest (Crist) applied for “a grant of 1,000 acres of land in the county of Ulster, between the old and new north-west lines”.16 The boundaries between Orange and Ulster Counties changed several times, with the most significant change being in 1799 when Orange gained land that had been Ulster County, so you will see some ancestors born or marrying or buying land in Ulster and dying in Orange County.17 Michael (1756) married Hester Smith and had 10 children. Laurence is of the right age to be the husband of Hannah Smith with 7 children; There are several men named Jacob Crans(1765)-one was the right age to have married Hannah Wyant with a son, Jeremiah; there was also more than one Catharine Crans (1768) who married; it's not known if Annatjen, probably Catharine's twin, married; Eva Crans was the wife of Jacob Low with 9 children. Gertrude, possibly also called Charity has a couple of possibilities for husbands. Lea (1776) is the right age to be the wife of Robert Gillespie with 7 children; Rachel, probably Lea's twin (1776) does not have any records in the Montgomery Reformed Church, which is where the others' children were baptized, so no husband is noted. Elshe (1779) may have been married to Andrew Gillespie with 7 children.
The son that we are descended from is another Johannes, born 1 March 1761. He was also christened at the Montgomery Reformed Church, on 8 April, 1762. He is buried there as well. Notes from Elizabeth Horton at OCGS indicate that he married Christine Trumpour on 15 January, 1789 in Montgomery. The Trumpour family was another Palatine family. Niclaus Trumpour (Drumbaur) arrived in 1709. He married twice and his son Andreas, born 1725 was with his second wife, Elizabetha Krantz, daughter of Johannes Krantz and Elizabeth Clearwater. Andreas and Elizabetha had 5 children (he also had children by his first wife), which included Christine.
Johannes and Christine had 11 children, although the first Hiram (1791) and HannahAs mentioned above Renwick is no longer listed with Hiram. On 20 December 1849 he married Letty Niver, daughter of George mentioned above25 (Niver family to be discussed later). In the 1850 census he is listed as living in the Town of New Windsor with Letty.26 Renwick is also listed in the 1850 Agriculture census with an impressive farm holding of 114 acres worth $20000 . He has less livestock than his father, valued at $725, but is producing a good amount of wheat, rye, corn and oats. Not seeing any land purchases for Renwick up to this point, I don't know how he had such an impressive holding at age 25 (could an extra zero have been added?). Hiram's brother Theodore was also married, in 1851 to Nancy Low.
(1802) died in early childhood. Andrew has been reported to have died in 1820 in
Elizabeth Horton's notes, having had 3 children with wife, Nancy Ward. But, there's an
Andrew Crans who entered into land transactions with Hiram(2nd) after 1820 and
reportedly had more than the three children and there is a son Andrew baptized in
Montgomery in 1822, so the 1820 death date is doubtful. A family group sheet is
attached with the names and spouses of their children.
Johannes, by now also called John, and Christine's son Hiram (the second one)
was born on 20 January, 1799 and christened in the Montgomery Reformed Church.
Hiram married Christina Rainey on 15 March, 1824 according to the Crans Bible
records.18 Christina was the daughter of David Rainey and Susannah Yeckley. The
Rainey family will be covered in another chapter. By the 1830 census Hiram is
found in the Town of Wallkill with Chrissy and three children: Renwick, born 6
April 1825; Theodore, born 20 April 1827; and Susan Jane, born 24 May 1829.
He lived next to John Crans, probably his father, looking at John's age. 19 By 1840
Hiram was now in the Town of Montgomery, his father having died in 1835. In 1836
Hiram is recorded as having purchased 3 separate land items in the Orange County
records.20 All the records are very close in date so he presumably was building
up his farm land at this time. Listed on the 1840 census with him are Chrissy and
5 children, presumably Renwick, Theodore, John Knox, Susan, Mary Catherine.21
In 1849 Hiram purchased land from George Tears22and in the 1850 Census Hiram
is in the Town of Crawford.23He is listed with Chrissy, Susan, Mary, John, Elizabeth
and Sarah. The family is living next to the George Niver family, mentioned because the
Niver family comes into play soon. Sons Renwick and Theodore areno longer listed
with their parents. In 1850 the Federal government also took census information
other than population. In the 1850 Agriculture census we can find information about
Hiram's land and farming. He is listed as having 250 improved acres at a value of
about $10000, and reported having livestock valued at about $4500, including 28
milk cows, 30 sheep, 50 swine and a few oxen,horses and othercattle.24
By 1860 Hiram continues to farm, now in the Town of Montgomery, living with Chrissy, Elizabeth, Sarah, John and Susan Rainey (possibly the wife of David, Christina's brother).27Since borders changed, this doesn't necessarily mean Hiram moved, although he did purchase land again in 1858.28 Renwick has moved to the Town of Crawford, with a farm now worth $800, although n o land purchases are seen as yet in Orange County records (Did he move onto the land his father owned?). He and Letty now have Mary Irene, Emogene and Frances.29
In 1870 Hiram is still listed as being the head of household and a farmer, but he has hisRenwick is still in the Town of Crawford in 1870, farming on a holding worth $6000, living with Lettie, daughters Mary Irene, Emogene, Frances and sons George and Nelson; Alfred Niver (Letty's brother who helped with the farm- he died in 1878); and C. Faulkner (a female aged 48 listed without occupation??).31 Emogene, Frances and George have likely married by now. Nelson disappears with no evidence of a wife and may have died young. Mary Irene married William H. Owen before 1871. Their descendants have been discussed in the Owen posting. By 1880 we have some confusing land exchanges (probably due to Hiram's death) and Renwick has returned once more to the Town of Montgomery and is living with Letty, Frances and George.32 The agriculture census of that year indicates a much smaller farm, which is natural as Renwick is now 55 years old. His holdings consisted of 70 acres tilled and 8 acres woodland, valued at $3120. He only had 2 horses and only grew hay. The total value of farm products sold amounted to $645.33 Letty Niver Crans died on 30 May 1898 and is buried in the New Brick Reformed Church Cemetery in Montgomery, NY. By the time of the 1900 census Renwick was about 75 and was living with son George and his wife Julia (Eade)in Walden.34 By the 1910 census Renwick is back in the Town of Crawford, living with his sister Elizabeth Crans Ward, wife of James Ward. Elizabeth is 65, James is 75 and Renwick is now 85! The Ward family is also an old Montgomery family, for whom “Ward's Bridge”, the original name of Montomery is named. Renwick died on 28 February 1913 and is buried in the New Brick Reformed Church Cemetery in Montgomery.
son-in-law, Elmeron Decker (married to Sarah) and Elmeron's brother George helping
out on the farm. In addition, daughter Mary (Hunter) and her two children are living with
them.30 Hiram died in 1871. Theodore was named as his executor and his deposition
states that he is living in Newburgh in 1871. Christina died in 1873. Both Hiram and
Christina are buried in the Rainey Cemetery, betweenWalden and Pine Bush. There's no
evidence left of any graves, with only the gate remaining.
Hiram's daughter Susan married John Nelson Crist and had two daughters, Linda and
Estelle and son John before her death in 1870. Their daughter Estelle married Benjamin
Odell, but she was killed in a steamboat accident in 1888. In 1891 Estelle's sister Linda
married Mr. Odell. In 1901 Benjamin Odell became Governor of New York. He served
through 1904. See the Appendix for a small part of Gov. Odell's biography regarding his
Heads of Palatine Families in West Camp, 1710:
(Murlin, Edgar L, JB Lyon Co., Albany, NY, 1904)
1 Causes of Palatine Emigration, excerpted from Early Palatine Emigrati
on, Walter Allen Knittle, Ph.D., Philadelphia, 1937 (http://www.horseshoe.cc/pennadutch/history/european/knittle.htm)
2 The Palatine Project, New York: http://www.progenealogists.com/palproject/ny/
3Jones, Henry Z, Jr: The Palatine Families of New York- A Study of the German Immigrants Who Arrived in Colonial New York in 1710: Universal City, California, 1985
4Jones, Henry Z, Jr: The Palatine Families of New York- A Study of the German Immigrants Who Arrived in Colonial New York in 1710: Universal City, California, 1985
5Jones, Henry Z, Jr: The Palatine Families of New York- A Study of the German Immigrants Who Arrived in Colonial New York in 1710: Universal City, California, 1985
6 Ancestry.com. Baptismal and marriage registers of the Old Dutch Church of Kingston : Ulster County, New York, 1660-1809 [database on-line]. Provo, UT: The Generations Network, Inc., 2005.
7Jones, Henry Z, Jr: The Palatine Families of New York- A Study of the German Immigrants Who Arrived in Colonial New York in 1710: Universal City, California, 1985
8Locke, Emma K: A Short History of Montgomery, NY.
9Yates Publishing. U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2004.
10 Walden and its environs : with pen and camera., Vol 2, Walden, N.Y.: Wallkill Valley Pub. Association, 1914.
11 Worden, Jean D, Brick Reformed Church, 1982
12 Yates Publishing. U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2004.
14 Jones, Henry Z, Jr: More Palatine Families, Universal City, California, 1991
15 Walden and its environs : with pen and camera., Vol 2,. Walden, N.Y.: Wallkill Valley Pub. Association, 1914.
16 Calendar of N. Y. colonial manuscripts - indorsed land papers ; in the office of the Secretary of State of New York. 1643 -1803 at The Internet Archive: http://www.archive.org/stream/calendarofnycolo00alba/calendarofnycolo00alba_djvu.txt
17 New York County Maps and Atlases: http://www.familyhistory101.com/maps/ny-maps.html
18 Crans Bible record as reported by Elizabeth Horton at OCGS.
19 1830 US Federal Population Schedule, Wallkill, Orange, NY, image 25/48 Database: Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com
20Deed from Andrew Crance & wife to Hiram Crans, 1836, Orange County Deed Book 57, p 347, Recorder’s Office, Goshen, Orange, New York; Deed from Wm. Bradford to Hiram Crans, 1836, Orange County Deed Book 57, p 348, Recorder’s Office, Goshen, Orange, New York; Deed from John Boak & wife to Hiram Crans, 1836, Orange County Deed Book 57, p 350, Recorder’s Office, Goshen, Orange, New York
21 1840 US Federal Population Schedule, Montgomery, Orange, NY, image 33/45 Database: Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com
22Deed from George Tears to Hiram Crans, 1836, Orange County Deed Book 98, p 351, Recorder’s Office, Goshen, Orange, New York;
23 1850 US Federal Population Schedule, Crawford, Orange, NY, image 21/46 Database: Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com
24 1850 US Federal Non-Population Schedule (Agriculture), Crawford, Orange, NY, image 2/5 Database: Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com
25Crans Family Bible records in Elizabeth Horton Notes from Orange County Genealogical Society, Goshen, NY
26 1850 US Federal Population Schedule, New Windsor, Orange, NY, image 10/59 Database: Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com
27 1860 US Federal Population Schedule, Montgomery, Orange, NY, image 31/100 Database: Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com
28Deed from James C Bull & wife to Hiram Crans, 1858, Orange County Deed Book147, p 541, Recorder’s Office, Goshen, Orange, New York
29 1860 US Federal Population Schedule, Crawford, Orange, NY, image 47/51 Database: Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com
33 1880 US Federal Non-Population Schedule (Agriculture), Montgomery, Orange, NY, image 15/33 Database: Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com
34 1900 US Federal Population Schedule, Montgomery, Orange, NY, District 30 (Walden Village); image 60/63 Database: Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com
Sunday, October 17, 2010
A brief history of the Elmer (Elmore, Aylmer) family is found in the History of the Allison Family. It states that “The Elmer family is a very ancient one. There are many of the name in Switzerland and Germany who claim to be able to trace their descent back to the twelfth century, and theorize that before that date the Elmers came from Italy or Greece. In 1006, Elmer, a person of great sanctity, was chosen Abbott of the monastery of St. Augustine at Canterbury, England and in 1022 was made Bishop of Sherbourne. After the Norman Conquest of 1066, Elmer, one of the chiefs of William the Conquerer, was holder of several pieces of land, one of which was at Braintree Hundred, county of Essex, Eng., from thirty to forty miles east of London. John Elmer was a Bishop of London in the time of Queen Elizabeth. Representatives of the family are in different countries”.1
The Dictionary of National Biography gives a little more information on the above John Elmer/Aylmer, including the fact that he was “born of an ancient family, long resident at their ancestral seat of Aylmer Hall, in the parish of Tivetshall St. Mary, Norfolk” He was well educated, serving as a tutor to the children of Henry Grey, Marquis of Dorset, which included Lady Jane Grey, who spoke highly of him. He continued to do well and be noticed, until eventually appointed Lord Bishop of London. Here he had great difficulty, his temper causing much trouble. He was finally reappointed to a less contentious situation. He married Judith Bures, a lady of Suffolk, with whom he had seven sons and three daughters. Son Samuel became the sheriff of Suffolk County.2 I have seen Edward listed as Samuel's son, but have not been able to verify this with any certainty, although time and place make it appear that he was from this part of the Elmer family.
The Allison history continues, pointing out the early American beginnings of the Elmer family: “Edward Elmer, the emigrant ancestory of this American family, was a young man, probably not married, when he left England. He was a Puritan, and left England to escape the persecution to which that sect was subjected, as did those who came with him. It is probable that he came from the county of Essex, as did many of his fellow passengers, and likely from Braintree, where Rev. Thomas Hooker preached before he came to New England.”3
Edward Elmer arrived in Boston, Massachusetts on the ship Lion (Lyon) on 16 September 1632, with Rev. Thomas Hooker. The book, The Great Migration Begins reports that Edward was granted 3 acres in the West End in Cambridge on 4 August 1634. By 1635 he held 3 parcels of land. Selling some of his land, he removed with Rev. Hooker to the Hartford, CT area in June of 1636. Rev. Hooker had been unhappy with the lack of democracy he saw in Massachusetts. Hartford history has it that one of the Podunk Indians went to Massachusetts to invite the colonists to settle in Connecticut to protect them from a neighboring tribe.4
Edward Elmer is listed as one of the founders of Hartford (see photo below), and he began to acquire land in the area as well. According to The Great Migration Begins, Edward had seven parcels of land in the Hartford area by 1639/40: two acres with dwelling house and other buildings; one rood and three perches in the Little Meadow; one acre and three roods of meadow and swamp in North Meadow; six acres three roods more in the North Meadow; one acre eight perches on the east side of the Great River; four acres one rood in the Little Oxpasture; five acres two roods twenty-two perches in the Neck of Land.5
Founders Monument of Hartford Connecticut: (Edward Elmer is the 9th name from the top)
One of the reasons we have so much information about Edward Elmer's land and asset acquisitions is that he appeared to be quite litigious, appearing in several court cases. In fact, after his death when the inventories of his estate were presented,
"Edward Elmore summoned the legatees of the estate of his father, Edward Elmore, deceased, to appear at court" to consider the claims of debtors of the estate; the court found the accounts "so litigious" that they appointed auditors to go over the accounts of the administrators.”6
Edward married his wife Mary in 1644 or 1645. At that time his estate was large for that day, 1021 pounds in Hartford along with 1300 acres of land at Podunk (369 pounds). 7 Children began arriving, with the oldest, John born in 1644 or 1646. Next came Samuel, baptized 21 March 1646 or 47. It is Samuel's line that we will follow. Other children included Elizabeth, baptized 15 July 1649, Edward, born 1654, Joseph, born 1656, Mary, born 2 September 1658 and Sarah born 1664.8
It appears that Edward moved between the areas of Hartford and Podunk, Ct and Northampton, MA, owning land in all 3 areas and appearing as defendant or plaintiff in lawsuits in all places. He also was involved in community affairs, serving as Commissioner to End Small Causes at Northampton, 1655; he was a witness to the Indian deed of Hadley, on 25 December 1658; we know he was a watchman as he was “relieved from watching, warding & training" on 5 March 1667 or 1668.9
At the end of Edward's life, it appears that he was living in rented quarters in Hartford as his inventory there only consisted of livestock and household goods. His sons may have been living on his real estate. Edward is said to have been killed by Indians during King Philip's war.10 He died in Hartford, Ct by 6 June 1676.
Edward's second son, Samuel, whose line we will follow, was born 1654 (baptized 21 March, 1654 at Hartford), married and had several children with his wife Elizabeth. As a second son, not much information is available for Samuel. His children included Samuel, Abigail, Edward, Deacon Jonathan and Reverend Daniel. According to The Great Migration, referencing the Windsor History, Samuel, the oldest son died on 4 February 1759 at age 82. Not much information is known about Samuel's second son, Edward, born about 1654, except that he married (1) probably Rebecca Fitch and (2) Hannah Atkisson.11
Samuel's next son was Deacon Jonathan Elmer. Jonathan was born about 1686, baptized in Center Church Hartford on 8 May 1687. He moved to Norward about 1712, and again to Sharon, Ct in 1746 where he died 5 June 1778, being buried in the Sharon Burying Ground.12 He had several children with his wife Mary, including, Elizabeth, Eliakim, Martin, Colonel Samuel, Mary, Daniel, Abigail, David, Reverend Jonathan and Dr. Nathaniel Elmer. It is these last two sons that we will follow.
Reverend Jonathan Elmer was born 4 June, 1727 and graduated from Yale College at the age of 20 years in 1747 and was licensed as a preacher on 4 May, 1748. His first place of service was Florida, NY until 1757. He married Amy Gale near Goshen NY. The congregation was apparently poor. A history of Florida NY by the Florida Historical Society reports that around 1750 the Florida and Warwick Presbyterian churches joined and shared the services of Rev Jonathan until about 1757 when he was dismissed “for want of ability to give him sufficient support”.13
A report of the New Jersey Historical Society, where Rev. Jonathan went after his service in Florida gives some colorful background information. This reports that the Florida congregation left it up to Jonathan to either remove temporarily until support was found, send his family away and remain alone or to give up the Florida ministry all together. It appears that he tried to remain. Extracts from his journal include his numerous and creative means of supporting himself and his family. He records many amounts due to him that were unpaid for marriage fees, making shoes, selling lottery tickets, selling crops and personal items, working out with farmers, selling rum, beef, weaving and taking in boarders. He included some charges to be paid to him for his brother Nathaniel's medical services (Jonathan was Nathaniel's older brother). He also left a detailed account of the monies owed to him for his preaching across several years. As this wasn't paid, Jonathan left to provide services to New Providence, New Jersey where he remained for over 50 years, died and was buried.14
Back to younger brother, Nathaniel, who was apprenticed to Dr. Gale in Florida. He was born 1732-33, a younger brother of Rev. Jonathan and the youngest son of Deacon Jonathan and Mary Elmer. He was trained for the medical profession, and, as stated above was apprenticed to Dr. Gale in Florida, NY. He was captain of a Florida company of militia under Colonel Hawthorn during the Revolutionary War and served as surgeon of the state militia until his death. He married Anna Thomson from Goshen with whom he had 9 children. William, the oldest became a physician and married Mary Allison, daughter of General William Allison. Other children included Jesse, Samuel, Mary, Asa, Temperence, Julia, Nancy and the youngest, Nathaniel, who also became a physician, born 22 August 1776. Nathaniel, Sr died in December 1797 in New York City, when it was said that he was returning from a visit to Sharon Connecticut. He is reported to be buried in St. Paul's Churchyard, NYC.
The second Dr. Nathaniel Elmer was also a physician in Florida, NY. In 1806, the Medical Society of Orange County was organized, with Nathaniel elected as its first secretary.15 Nathaniel was married twice, first to Amy Drake and secondly to Lucretia Terry. He died young, at about age 3416, although I have seen his date of death listed as early as 1794 (although that would preclude his being elected to a position in 1806!). I have not seen any children reported from Nathaniel's first marriage, and only one son, Alexander Hamilton Elmer reported from his second marriage to Lucretia Terry.
Not much is known of Alexander except for his marriage to Sally (Sarah Wilcox) which is recorded in the Town of Warwick records and the Amity Presbyterian Church records as being on 27 October, 1827 and for which a fee of $3.00 was paid. Alexander and Sally are also listed buried in the Amity Presbyterian Churchyard. Their daughter, Margaret Lucretia Elmer was born in Amity, outside of Warwick, NY on 11 September 1828 (as taken from her age at her death on 13 March 1912 from bronchial pneumonia). Little is known of Lucretia's early life. She married, on 12 January, 1848, Edward M. Owen. They were the parents of William H. Owen, whose daughter, Nellie was my grandmother. They also had 10 other children, discussed previously in the chapter on the Owen family.
1. Morrison, Leonard Allison: The History of the Allison Family in Europe and America, AD 1135 to 1893, Damrell & Upham, 1893. @ www.ancestry.com
2. Stephen, Sir Leslie, ed: The Dictionary of National Biography Founded in 1882 by George Smith @www.ancestry.com
3. Morrison, Leonard Allison: The History of the Allison Family in Europe and America, AD 1135 to 1893, Damrell & Upham, 1893. @ http://www.ancestry.com/
4. Hartford History: http://www.hartfordhistory.net/faq.html
5, 6. Anderson, Robert Charles: The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1620-1633 @www.ancestry.com
7. SAMUEL HART, D.D., D.C.L., et al, Advisory Committee: ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CONNECTICUT BIOGRAPHY GENEALOGICAL -MEMORIAL REPRESENTATIVE CITIZENs,1917
8. Stiles, Henry, Elmer Family of Windsor, Connecticut, 1892, Hartford CT
9. Anderson, Robert Charles: The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1620-1633 @www.ancestry.com
10. Morrison, Leonard Allison: The History of the Allison Family in Europe and America, AD 1135 to 1893, Damrell & Upham, 1893.
11. Anderson, Robert Charles: The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1620-1633 @www.ancestry.com
12. Sharon Burying Ground, Sharon Ct, from Burying Grounds of Charon, CT Amenia and Nort East, NY. Published Amenia, NY 1903
13. Florida Historical Society, florida, New York, Orange County, 2002
14. Cory, AM, MD, Life and Times of Rev. Jonathan Elmer, from Proceedings of the New Jersey Historical Society, Vol. 3, #2, 1899
15. Florida Historical Society, florida, New York, Orange County, 2002
16. Family Archiver Viewer, CD157, Early New York Families, 1600s-1900s, Disk 2, Family History of Central NY, Vol 1, Central New York Family Histories, Genealogy.com, May 16, 2004.
Saturday, September 13, 2008
The Owen family gets confusing around the time of the Revolutionary War in the area of Goshen, NY. Descendants of Edward Owen of Connecticut and descendants of the Long Island, NY Owen family all ended up in the same area, with several Jonathans thrown in to confuse the issue even more. An extensive study done by James William Hook of Connecticut, and published in The American Genealogist (Vol. 30, #3, July 1954) indicates that the ancestors of Timothy Owen of Long Island and Goshen descends from the Long Island Owens, so it appears that that is where our American Owen family begins.
The Long Island Owen family appear to be the emigrant Reverend George Owen, DD of Wales and sons. He mentions his wife, Mary, and children, George (eldest son), William, John, Charles, Mary and Elizabeth. The will was dated 1 July, 1690. The inventory attached to the probate papers was dated 1 November, 1690, indicating that George had died somewhere between July and November. This inventory is quite extensive, which explains how he and his sons were able to come to the new country.
Dr. George Owen's inventory, presented above indicated several land holdings such as mills, livestock, crops and a large main property. The house on that property included such rooms as a loft chamber, a ____ chamber & closet, a purple chamber & closet, a study, a great parlor, a little parlor with silver plate, a rood chamber and closet (Merriam Webster defines rood as”a large crucifix on a beam or screen at the entrance to the cancel of a church”)1, and a rood room, which are appropriate to a doctor of theology. There was also a nursery, a maid's chamber, and a groom's chamber.Others include a stout house and a brew house, a long room, etc, which may or may not be part of the main property. He had a stable, a coach and four, and mentions goods in the granary at M____house. I don't know if that's the name of the main house or another. In the body of the will he left his wife Mary the land and fields of Colby, with the water corn grist mill; to his children he left the lands of Melina and Eglosyrow with one water corn grist mill, each having the profits for a term of 2 years, then passing it on to the next, and finally remaining with the oldest son, George. George also received the lands at Broomley in Norberth Parish.2
George Owen was found to be the first Owen in Brookhaven, Suffolk County, Long Island when he obtained a land grant in October 1679. A record from 1701 of a land transaction mentions Jonathan Owen, a brother of Jonathan, and indicates the land was owned by Jonathan's and George's father, and that he had probably died before this transaction. A will of Charles Owen of Wales, proved in NY, mentions his mother Mary, as well as the will of his father, George, Owen, DD. This will led the researcher to the Senior Owen's will and ties the Owen boys together (except William) as brothers. Other Owen names mentioned in early Long Island land records (Evan, Moses) appear to be the sons of the younger George. Occupation is another thing that ties these gentlemen together. They were all listed as being joiners or carpenters.
There are numerous land records involving the Owen brothers as well as tax lists from early Long Island. There are George's ear marks for cattle, lists of freeholders, and records of offices held by George (trustee and constable).
Although not provable without uncertainty, it appears that the children of George are George, Sarah, Aaron, Timothy and Eleazer. (In the article the children of John, Moses and Jonathan are also indicated, with sources.)3
Sarah married Eleazer Hawkins, and they had 10 children and lived in Stony Brook, LI,NY. Aaron moved to Westchester County, where he bought land. Eleazer was mentioned in Long Island land records, but no further.
Timothy Owen ended up in the Goshen/Warwick , Orange, NY area, producing a will at Goshen in February of 1761, which was proved on 4 March, 1761. The listing of children in his will (Ruth, eldest son listed as “crazy”, Timothy, John, Israel, Anning, Mowbray, Sarah and Elizabeth) lend credence to Timothy's marriage to Ruth Mowbray. The Mowbray family, another early Long Island family, will be discussed later.
Page 23.--In the name of God, Amen. I, TIMOTHY OWEN, of the Precinct of Goshen, in Orange County, cordwainer. "Knowing that I am every hour liable to Death, and being of sound mind," All my estate to be sold, and all debts and funeral charges paid, and the remainder to my five sons and two daughters, Timothy, John, Israel, Anning, Mowbray, Sarah, and Elizabeth. My daughter Ruth having received her portion at her marriage. As several of my children are young, their parts are to be kept at interest till of age. "And whereas my eldest son is crazy, and fearing the same may increase upon him, my executors are to take charge of his portion, and supply his wants so long as it shall last. I make my friends, Gersham Owen, Nathaniel Owen, of Ulster County, and Ebenezer Owen, of Pochaik, executors." Dated February 16, 1761. Witnesses, (Rev.) Abner Brush, John Gale, Jr., James Little. Proved before John Gale, Surrogate, March 4, 1761.4
You will note that he calls himself a “cordwainer”. The dictionary defines a cordwainer as a person who made shoes and other articles from soft leather. Historically a cobbler repaired shoes.
Ruth married Thomas Gustin of Connecticut. (A genealogy of the Gustin family connected the Connecticut and Long Island Owen families, refuted by the Hook article). Timothy, in the Revolutionary War in Seneca County, NY, was in Warwick in 1790, but then returned to Seneca County. Israel married Jane Ferrier and served in the Orange County Militia in the Revolutionary War. Anning also went to Seneca County in about 1800. Mowbray served in the Ulster County Militia, was in Warwick in 1790 and also moved to Seneca County about 1800. There appear to be no records of daughters Sarah and Elizabeth.5
It is son John that we want to follow. He was living in Goshen in 1790 with his family, which included 3 males over 16, 1 male under 16, and 5 females with 1 slave.Administration of his estate went to his brother, John Owen of Warwick, in 1796. A Family Treemaker CD lists John as the husband of Elizabeth Boyle, with children listed as Millicent, Sarah, Archibald and Nellie, probably an incomplete list given the listing in the 1790 census. This source lists John's birth year as 1743. A record of marriages from the First Presbyterian Church, Goshen, Orange, Ny lists the marriage date of John and Elizabeth as 10 January, 1779.6 We will follow Archibald, from records of Elizabeth Horton at the Orange County Genealogical Society.
Archibald is listed in the 1800 census in Goshen, with 2 males from 10-15, 1 males from 16-25, 1 female from 10-15, 4 females from 16-25 and 1 female over 45 (mother, Elizabeth?). As Archibald was about 25 at this census, these are probably his siblings. One slave was also listed.7 Archibald married Margaret Cain 14 February 1801.8 By the 1810 census he is listed with younger children and no older female, indicating that Elizabeth (if that was indeed her in the earlier census) died before this census. On the 1820 census, the family has continued to grow, and 3 people are listed as engaged in agriculture. There is no longer a slave listed. 9
Archibald's will, made 6 May, 1842, and proved 10 April 1848 mandates that his wife, Margaret (Cain) Owen, was to receive firewood provided at her door by son Archibald, Jr. Archibald, Jr was to receive all of the family real estate. The other children, Frances (Mrs. John Poppino), John ( in Illinois), William G, Daniel Cain, Priscilla (Mrs. Samuel S. Millspaugh) of Yates County, NY received various amounts from the estate.10
Son Daniel Cain Owen, born about January, 1804, also lived in Goshen, where he is listed in the 1830 census. Elizabeth Horton's notes list his marriage to Juliana Hulse as 16 December, 1824 in the First Presbyterian Church in Goshen, NY. By the 1830 census the couple is listed with 1 male under 5, 1 female 5-10, 1 female 10-15.11 Son Edward M. was born 28 February, 1828 in Big Island, near Goshen, NY.
Big Island is near Goshen, Warwick, Florida and Chester, NY.
Starting with the 1850 census, the family is listed in the Town of Goshen, and we see Edward Owen for the first time listed with his father, Daniel, Edward's wife Lucretia, and son William H Owen, who was born 31 May 1849. Daniel's wife, Juliana had died in 1847. A second William Owen is also listed-Edward's brother (He died 17 April, 1845 at age 31).12 Daniel, Edward and brother William are all listed as farmers.13 Edward was married to Lucretia Margaret Elmer on 12 January, 1848 by the Rev. William Timlow of the Amity Presbyterian Church, outside of Warwick, NY.14 The Elmer family is a very old Connecticut family and will be discussed elsewhere.
Edward and Lucretia moved around a bit, although they stayed in Orange County. They remained in Goshen until after the 1860 census, with the family growing to 6 children. By 1870 they are in the Town of Montgomery outside Walden, with 9 children. They are now living 4 families away from Hiram and Chrissy Crans, parents of Renwick Crans, who will become the father of Mary Irene, William Owen's future wife.
Edward and Lucretia had at least 11 children, born between 1849 (William H, the eldest) and 1869 (George Washington Owen, the youngest). A cousin, discovered on the Owen and Elmer Ancestry.com message boards, who is a granddaughter of George Washington Owen, reports that she thought there were twins born after her grandfather, but I have not found any record of them. There is an Edward Owen listed in Newburgh, but his father is reported as Joseph.
Edward and Lucretia are listed in several land transactions. In 1861 they bought from Abraham Dickerson land in the Town of Crawford, which was the farm purchased by George Crawford from Henry Weller in 1847, about 100 acres.15 In 1864 they bought from Marcus Sears a lot in the Village of Montgomery on the East side of Union Street that was occupied by George Comfort. It was bounded on the east by “Mead Alley”.16 They sold this same piece of property in 1867.17 Margaret also inherited land in Warwick from the estate of Joseph Wilcox, deceased.18 As Margaret Lucretia's mother was Sally Wilcox, it may be that he was a grandfather. Joseph Wilcox's daughter, Harriet married Archibald Owen, Jr, so there is more than one Owen-Wilcox connection.
The purchase of the farm from Abraham Dickerson appears to have resulted in the move of Edward and Lucretia from Goshen to Walden in the Town of Montgomery by the time of the 1870 census. According to the 1875 NY State Agricultural Statistics Edward had about 335 acres of land worth abourt $10000 in land and buildings and another $2500 in stock (worth $186,753 and $46688 respectively in 2007). He grew wheat, oats, rye, Indian corn and potatoes. He also harvested 400 bushels of fruit from 75 trees and sold 14400 gallons of milk from his cows. 19 In an 1878-79 Directory for Orange County Edward is still listed as a farmer in the Town of Montgomery. Edward and wife remain in the Town of Montgomery until the 1900 census when they are living in Blooming Grove Township in the Village of Washingtonville with son Daniel. Edward and Daniel are listed as farmers.20
William H. Owen, born 31 May 1849 married Mary Irene Crans, daughter of Renwick Crans, probably around 1870, based on the birth of their oldest child around 1871. By the 1875 NY State census William and Irene were living in Walden, near Edward and Lucretia.21 He is listed as a farmer just as his father is.
At the time of the 1880 census, Edward and Lucretia and William and Irene have continued to live near each other in the Town of Montgomery. The younger children, Jasper, Susan, Lizzie and George continue to live at home with Edward and Lucretia. William and Irene now have Cora, Alfred and William, ages 8, 5 and 3. Both are still listed as farmers.22
Mary Irene Crans
Born 15 September, 1850 in
Little Britain, NY
Died 24 May, 1936 in
Between the 1880 and 1890 censuses, William and Irene's family grew to 7 children, with Harriet (Hattie) the last and eighth child born in 1891. By the time of the 1900 census, the two oldest children, Cora and Alfred were living away from home, and the rest of the children still lived at home. William Renwick, 23 is listed as a blacksmith. David M.,18 and Edward, 15 are listed as farm laborers (Interestingly, in the Town of Crawford a David M. and Edward E. Owen are listed as servants/farm laborers). Francis (Frank), Nellie and Hattie are at school.23
The one room schoolhouse the Owen children attended. It is
across from Hill Street, on County Rte. 17, Searsville
Alfred became a plumber and was in that business for about 60 years in Bloomingburg, Sullivan County, NY. Cora, the eldest child, married George Hultslander in December of 1891, just a few months after Hattie, the youngest child was born. Unfortunately he died in November of 1893. She later (about 1897) was married to Fred DeGraw.
By 1900 Edward and Lucretia have moved to the Village of Washingtonville in Blooming Grove Township. Son Daniel has remained with them, and he and Edward are listed as farmers.24 However, Edward died in February of 1901. His death is listed as having occurred in Craigville, NY, located between Chester and Washingtonville. 25
On the 1910 census Cora and Fred with son Reginald are living on Orchard Street in Walden, and sister Nellie, who is now 19 is living with them, “working out” as a dressmaker (She was an excellent seamstress).26 Now she is in position to meet her future husband, Edward Stoehr.
Cora & Fred De Graw, Nellie & Edward Stoehr
William continues to farm, with son William R continuing to live at home, still listed as a blacksmith. Edward is helping his parents on the farm and Hattie remains at home in the Town of Montgomery.1 Frank has recently married (about 1909) Mary Ella Sease and is living in Walden, working at the knife works. 28 Alfred remains in Sullivan County. His wife is listed as Sarah L, and there are three children by 1910. 29 His obituary later lists his second wife, Emma Catherine Hagan. David has remained working on the farm in the Town of Crawford.30
Margaret, widow of Edward M Owen has moved in with her daughter Lizzie, who married Almeron Scott, and is now living in the Town of Hamptonburg in Orange County. They are working a fruit farm in 1910.31 Margaret died of bronchial pneumonia in 1912 while living there.
To quickly follow the rest of Edward M and Margaret Lucretia's other children: Dewitt/Daniel C -this is confusing. On the 1860 census, Dewitt C appears with a birth year of 1852. In 1870, Daniel is listed as being 18, which would mean he was born in 1852. Neither is listed on the 1875 NY State Census. In 1880, neither Daniel or Dewitt is mentioned, but in 1900, Daniel is back, listed as a son , age 35, with a birthday of September, 1864. There does not appear to be another Daniel in the family tree fits that birth date.
Nothing more is known of Jasper either. He is listed with no other occupation than “at home” on the 1880 census at age 30, so there may have been some health issues, and he is not listed with the family after 1880. Also, nothing more is known of Anna, except from Helen Stoehr Piddock's notes. She noted that she married Mr. Jewel, and Helen did have some photos of people named Jewel in her collection from Maybrook, NY.
Joseph stayed in the Orange County area, marrying Mary Millspaugh and having 6 children. According to Helen Stoehr's notes, Ellen married Alonzo Wood, possibly moving to Pennsylvania. Floyd married and stayed in the area. Susan married Joseph Lux, had children and lived in Pennsylvania and New Jersey. As mentioned earlier, Lizzie married Almeron Scott, and farmed in Orange County, having at least 2 children.
George Washington Owen married Angelina Cruver, moved to Iowa between 1900, 1910, and had several children. By 1930 the family was in Michigan. One of his children-Eva- was the mother of the cousin, now in her 80s, who remains actively pursuing the Owen/Elmer genealogy from Michigan.
William died on 18 February, 1913 of bronchitis.32 By the 1920 census Mary, his widow had moved in with son Edward. He had married Genevieve Vietz and was living on Walnut Street in Walden, NY. Brother David is also now living with them, listed as a railroad laborer.33
Nellie has now married Edward Stoehr (1912), and Helen was born (1916). They are living on Coldenham Road, Walden, NY, where they will remain .34 Edward Carl Stoehr was born in 1921. (See the chapter on the Stoehr family)
By the 1930 census David was living on East Main Street (a house behind the Fowler Building) with his brother William R., who is still listed as a blacksmith. David is now listed as a laborer for a country club. Irene is also living with them. She died in 1936 of “hypostatic pneumonia, cerembral hemorrhage and chronic cardiac debilitation”35.
Children of William H. & Mary Irene (Crans) Owen:
Nellie Irene, Harriet (Hattie) M
from left to right:
Alfred, Dave, Edward and Frank(Taken between 1950-1959)
David never married, nor apparently did William. Harriet (Hattie) married Harry Gale before 1919. They remained in Walden and had two daughters, Dorothy (who later married Mr. Grimes) and Irma (who later married Sid Slater). Cora moved to Ohio where she died in 1927. Edward and Genevieve had 5 sons, including Norman, a Walden Policeman. Frank and Mary Ella had one daughter, Marie Owen Wood, who taught in Washingtonville, NY. They owned a house on Pleasant Avenue in Walden.
Dave died 13 November,195936, so the above picture was taken before that time. When Alfred died, William and Frank were mentioned as survivors, but Edward was not, so Alfred's date of death was probably between 1960 and 1967.37 William died after Alfred. Edward died 13 January, 196038, Frank on 1 December, 196739. Nellie remained in the house on Coldenham Rd, Walden, growing wonderful vegetables, until her death in 1976.40 Hattie remained in her house in Walden, until shortly before her death in 1993 at age 100 at daughter Irma's house on East Main Street, Walden.
2.The National Library of Wales, Aberstwyth, Wales;Will of George Owen-Wiston-Doctor of Divinity-Colby - SD/1690/224
3.Hook, James William: The American Genealogist, Vol. 30, No. 3, July 1954, p. 129-142
4.York City Wills, 1760-1766. Database, Ancestry.com: http://ancestry.com: 2008
5.Hook, James William: The American Genealogist, Vol. 30, No. 3, July 1954, p. 129-142
6.Coleman, Charles C.: Early Marriage Records of First Presbyterian Church at Goshen. Database: Orange County Gen Web; http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~nyorange/marriages_02.htm#Marriage
7.1800 US Federal Population Schedule, Goshen, Orange, NY, p 360. Database: Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com
8.MEC note collection from Orange County Genealogical Society, Goshen, NY
9.1820 US Federal Population Schedule, Goshen, Orange, NY, p 254. Database: Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com
10.11.Elizabeth Horton notes from Orange County Genealogical Society (taken from will, Orange County, NY (Liber 0, p553)
11.1830 US Federal Population Schedule, Goshen, Orange, NY, p 280. Database: Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com
12.Elizabeth Horton notes from Orange County Genealogical Society, Goshen, NY
13.1850 US Federal Population Schedule, Goshen, Orange, NY, p 357. Database: Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com
14.Warwick Historical Papers, Historical Society of the Town of Warwick, Orange County, NY, OCGS, 1998, p221
15.Orange County Land Records, Goshen, NY: Liber , p
1.Orange County Land Records, Goshen, NY: Liber , p
17.Orange County Land Records, Goshen, NY: Liber , p
18.Orange County Land Records, Goshen, NY: Liber , p
19NYS 1875 Census, Agricultural Statistics, Town of Montgomery, Orange, NY, p 61-64, from OCGS, Goshen, NY
20 1900 US Federal Population Schedule, Washingtonville, Town of Blooming Grove, Orange, NY, p 2B. Database: Ancestry.com; http://www.ancestry.com
211875 NY State Population Census, Walden, Tn of Montgomery, Orange County, NY, 2nd ED, p 2 @OCGS, Goshen, NY
221880 US Federal Population Schedule, Walden, Tn Montgomery, Orange, NY, ED 24, p 40, 41. Database: Ancestry.com, http://www.ancestry.com
23. 1900 US Federal Population Schedule, Tn Montgomery, Orange, NY. ED 28, p 16. Database: Ancestry.com. Http:// www.ancestry.com
24.1900 US Population Schedule, Washingtonville, Blooming Grove Tnship, Orange, NY. Database: Ancestry.com, http://www.ancestry.com
25NY State Death Certificate # 09270, 25 February, 1901
261910 US Population Schedule, Walden, Tn of Montgomery, Orange, NY. Database: Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com
271910 US Population Schedule, Tn of Montgomery, Orange, NY. Database: Ancestry.com, http://www.ancestry.com
281910 US Population Schedule, Walden, Tn of Montgomery, Orange, NY.Database: Ancestry.com, http://www.ancestry.com
291910 US Population Schedule, Tn of Mamakating, Sullivan, NY. Database: Ancestry.com, http://www.ancestry.com
301910 US Population Schedule, Tn of Crawford, Orange, NY. Database: Ancestry.com, http://www.ancestry.com
311910 US Population Schedule, Tn of Hamptonburg, Orange, NY. Database: Ancestry.com, http://www.ancestry.com
32NY State Death Certificate # 8773, 18 February, 1913
331920 US Population Schedule, Walden, Tn of Montgomery, Orange, NY, ED 134, p 3B. Database: Ancestry.com, http://www.ancestry.com
341920 US Population Schedule, Walden, Tn of Montgomery, Orange, NY, ED 133, p 6B. Database: Ancestry.com.
35NY State death certificate # 33791, 26 May 1936
38Obituary clipping, funeral service brochure
39Obituary clipping, funeral service brochure
40Town of Cornwall, Orange, NY Death Certificate